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அழகி மென்பொருள்
  
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Bhagavad Gita Quiz -VERY USEFUL KNOWLEDGE!!!

Courtesy: AVR, chennai

Bhagavad Gita Quiz

Answers at the end

ENRICH YOUR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT GITA

Quiz - 99 questions.

In which sacred text is the Gita incorporated?

What is the special name given to each chapter in the Gita?

How many chapters are there in the Gita? Mention them.

How many Slokas (verses) are there in the Gita?

What is the concluding commentary of each chapter?

Where and when was Gita taught?

Why was the Gita taught?

Why was Arjuna overwhelmed by despondency though he had come prepared to fight?

How did Lord Krishna dispel Arjunas' delusion?

What is the central message of the Gita?

What is 'Svadharma' and what is 'Paradharma'?

Why did Lord Krishna impart knowledge of Aatma only to Arjuna and not either to Beeshma or Yudhishthira?

Krishna addresses Arjuna during the course of the dialogue by many names. Mention them.

Give the meaning of each name.

What light do these names throw on the personality of Arjuna?

What is the meaning of yoga?

How is yoga defined in Gita?

What are the principal yogas in the Gita?

What is Karma Yoga?

How does Swami explain Karma, Vikarma and Akarma?

Explain the meaning of the verse

Karmanyeva adhikaaras the ma phalehsu kadhachana.

Maa karma phala hethur bhuh maatha sangauthva karmani II 47.

What is Bhakti yoga?

How many types of Bhakti are there?

Give examples of each.

What are the qualities that a true devotee should have?

What is Jnaana yoga?

How many types of Jnaana are there?

How can one earn Jnaana?

What is Raaja yoga?

King Janaka, Sant Naama Dev, Sant Jnaana Dev, are realised souls. What was the yoga they practiced?

How does Swami explain the inter-relationship between Karma, Jnaana and Bakthi maarg?

What is it that prevents a spiritual aspirant from taking to these paths?

What is mind?

Why should mind be controlled?

How can mind be controlled?

What are the other components of the mind?

What are the impurities that affect the mind?

What is Mala?

What is Aavarana?

What is Vikshepa?

How can these impurities be removed?

What is it that is responsible for these impurities?

What are 'Gunas'?

Describe the characteristics of these Gunas?

What is the basis for these Gunas?

How many types of food are there?

What exactly is food according to Swami?

What should we do to purify the food?

What are the impurities related to food?

Who digests the food that we eat?

What are the types of food that He digests?

How can we get rid of these Gunas?

What are the three gates to Hell?

How do they affect an?

How does Gita illustrate that 'desire leads to despair'?

What are the three stages that make an aspirant merge in God?

What is the illustration given by Swami to explain these stages?

Which is more fruitful: the worship of God with name and form or worship of God without form and name?

What does Gita say about Avathaaric mission?

What is the message of the Vibhuti yoga?

What is the purpose of the Visvarupa Samdharshana yoga?

What are the qualities of an Sthitha Pragna?

How can the despondency of Arjuna be called a yoga?

How does Lord Krishna explain the efficacy of the caste system?

What does Gita say about speech habit?

What is the meaning of these terms as given by Swami to: SAADHU, SAMAADHI, MOKSHA, PANDIT.

What is the significance of Dhaivaasura Sampad Vibhaga yoga?

Describe the tree of Samsaara.

What are the seven excellences of (STHREE) woman as mentioned in the Vibuthi yoga?

How does Swami explain the eternal longing of man 'I want peace' and how can one attain peace?

Complete these quotations of Swami:

a. Death is the _____________of ___________

b. Death is sweeter than the __________of ignorance.

c. As you______________so you_______________.

d. The slokas of the Gita will banish the ___________hearts (verses).

e. Mind is the puppet of the ______________ we take.

What is the significance of the following similies:

(a) Goods wagon (b) Fan with three blades (c) Match box.

Explain the following quotations of Swami throwing light on certain teachings of the Gita.

a. Less luggage more comfort make travel a pleasure.

b. Be in the World but let not the world enter you.

c. Food -> Head -> God

d. Man minus desire is God

e. What matters is renunciation in action and not renunciation of action.

What are the two verses that serve as two banks of the river of life?

What is the significance of the verse:

Pathram Pushpam phalam thoyam yome bhaktya prayacchathi tad aham bhakti apahrtham ahsnaami prayatatmonah (IX/66)

How can a lazy fellow interpret the verse:

Sarva dharmaan parityajya

Maamekam sharanam vraja

Ahamthvaa sarva papebhyo mokshayishyami maasulchah

Mention at least three verses that point out the immanent divinity.

What are the three types of Sharanagati?

What is the meaning of total surrender?

What is the key to gain spiritual wisdom?

How does Lord Krishna describe Aatma?

What is the meaning given by Swami to Man?

What is the foundation for the mansion of the Gita?

How should one regard and revere the Gita the song and word of God?

"Dharmakshetre Kurukshetre" is the line with which the Gita starts: what is the meaning of these terms?

Aatma is described as free and independent, then what is the meaning of Aatma Samyamana Yoga?

What is meditation?

How can we say that the Gita is Universal Scripture?

How could Arjuna rise to the occasion and fight?

What is the symbolical significance of Kurukshetra battle?

What is Akshara Parbrahma yoga?

Krishna says that he had first taught the Gita to the Sun and the Sun to Manu as he is teaching to Arjuna? What is the meaning?

How can ignorance or Agnan be removed?

What is the verse that says "nothing is greater than self discipline?"

What is the verse that says "you shall raise your self by your own self!"

Who were the people other than Arjuna who heard the Gita?

Did Krishna teach the Gita only to enlighten Arjuna?

Give the meaning of the last verse of the Gita

Answers

The Geetha is incorporated in the sacred scripture of the Mahaa Bhaaratham and Bheeshma Parva.

Each Chapter is called "YOGA"

There are eighteen Chapters in the Gita.

Arjuna Vishaadha Yoga, Saankhya yoga, Karma yoga, Jnan yoga, Karma Sanyasa yoga, Aathmasamyamana yoga, Vijnaana yoga, Akshara Parabrahma yoga, Raaja Vidhya Raaja Guhya yoga, Vibhuti yoga, Vishvaruupa yoga, Bhakthi yoga, Kshetra Kshetrajna Vibhaaga yoga, Gunathraya vibhaaga yoga, Purushotthama praapthi yoga, Dhaivaasura Sampadvibhaaiga yoga, Shraddhaatharaya Vibhaaga yoga, Moksha Sanyasaa yoga.

There are 700 shlokas in the Gita.

At the end of each chapter the commentary is as: Iti Srimadbhagawadgeethasu, Upanashith su, Brahma Vidyaayaam, Yoga saasthre, Sri Krishnaarjuna Samvadhe...

The Gita was taught on the eve of the Kurukshetra battle, in the middle of the two armies of the Kauravas and the Paandavas.

The Gita was taught to transform Arjuna who had suddenly become a Dheena (weak) into a Dheera, a heroic warrior.

Arjuna surveyed at a glance the entire Kaurava Army. Beholding the grand-father Bheeshma who had brought him up, his guru Dhronaacharaya, who had trained him as an ace archer, his friends and relatives, he was over whelmed by pity. He became weak, the weapons fell down from his hand. He cried: Oh! Krishna how can I fight and kill those with whom I should have been living in happiness and harmony. Of what avail would be the victory at the expense of so many lives? Is it not true according to Shruthi that after a war there will be corruption and injustice. Especially it is said that women may be led astray from the path of virtue. When women become immoral, the generation would be future "what would happen after the war? He at once asked for the advice of Krishna and acted accordingly.

In order to dispel Arjunas delusion that he was the killer and his kinsmen were going to be killed, Krishna taught the Gita that teaches the knowledge of Atma. Lord Krishna says that there is none who kills, none who will be killed. It is the body that perishes and the Atma is imperishable. Above all death is the final end of man. Jaatasya Maranam, Dhruvam. Death is not in the hands of any one but God. So it is foolish to entertain such thoughts. The duty of Kshatriya is to fight.

The central message of the Gita is that every one should regard performance of Svadharma is of utmost importance. It is indicated in the first word of the first verse of the opening chapter and the last word of the last verse in the concluding chapter.

MAMA = mine; DHARMA = Duty.

SVADHARMA is Atma Dharma. PARADHARMA is the dharma related to the body.

Moreover he had the following qualifications necessary for a spiritual aspirant: Surrender, desirelessness, dispassion and detachment as revealed in his words "I do not care even for the Lordship of all the three worlds"

Lord Krishna addresses Arjuna thus: Paartha, Kounteya, Kurunandhana, Gudaakesha, Anasuhya, Vijaya, Parantapa, Dhananjaya.

Arjuna : one who is pure and unsullied.

Paartha: one who is the son of Prithvi the earth, that is one who is the representative of mankind.

Kaunteya: One who can listen with rapt attention to the Divine Teaching

Kurunandana: One who delights in work (action)

Anashuya: One who is free from jealousy

Parantapa: One who strikes fear in the hearts of his enemies.

Vijaya: One who is ever victorious

Gudaakesha: One who has sense control

Dhanamjaya: One who has earned the merit to receive the wealth of spiritual wisdom.

They throw light on the several virtues that Arjuna possessed and necessary for a disciple who is ready to receive knowledge from the Guru.

Yoga means union with God, pathway to union with God as well.

"Karmasu Kaushalam Yogah:" Doing the allotted work well to the utmost capacity is Yoga.

"Chitthavritthi, Nirodha Yogah:" Control of inner and outer senses and stilling the mind is Yoga.

"Samathvam yogamuchyathe:" Maintaining equanimity under all circumstances is Yoga.

Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Jnan Yoga and Raaja Yoga - Work, Worship Wisdom and Yoga of Mind Control

Karma Yoga means: Performing one's duties and action without interest in the fruits of action. Performing actions with a spirit of dedication and devotion to God.

Swami explains Karma, Vikrama and Akarma as follows: suppose there is a Jyoti (a flame) the steady flame is Karma, when the flame flickers due to certain external factors it is Vikarma, the light that we get from the flame is Akarma. Akarma is complete detachment from activity. It is the characteristic of Aatma.

It should be remembered that the Lord has said that it does not mean the doer has no right for the fruit, the doer has a right for the fruit but he should not selfishly desire the fruit. The expression "maa phaleshu" the results deed yields should be taken into account.

Bhakti Yoga means the path of attaining union with the Lord through intense love of God. It is not loving God for any selfish benefit but it is single minded devotion to God and total surrender to God.

There are four types of Bhakti: Aartha, Arthaarti Jignaasu and Jnaani. An aartha prays to God intensely when he is in dire distress. He pleads for relief from difficulties and sufferings. God grants relief and blesses him with worldly happiness. An Arthaarthi prays for money, power, position and prosperity. God grants his wishes too. A Jignaasu prays to God to enlighten him with self knowledge. His aim is to unravel the mystery of existence. God fulfills his longing by sending a Guru to enlighten him. A Jnaani is one who sees in every one and in every thing divinity.

Draupadi is an example of Artha bhakti. Prahlada and Sakku Bai are other examples of this Bhakti; Druva, Sudama, and Arjuna are Arthartya, Udava is an excellent example of Jignasu, Suka Maharshi is an example of Jnani.

A true devotee should have the following qualities: He should hate none including all other living beings. He should be friendly, compassionate, without ego, and should remain equal minded in joy and sorrow. He should be self controlled, enduring, ever content. The path of realizing God by the experience of seeing unity in this world of duality and multiplicity. This knowledge can be acquired by serving a genuine GURU.

Jnaana yoga is the path of self inquiry with such questions as: Who am I? From where have I come? Where will I go? It begins with negating everything else (This is not, This is not) and ends in an intuitive experience of the Aatmic reality.

There are two types of knowledge: Secular and Spiritual.

Jnaana can be earned only by Shraddha and intense faith in one's self. Shraddha means, earnestness, perseverance and determination.

Raaja yoga is concerned with the occult or hidden spiritual experience and inner mysteries of the human soul.

King Janaka is the exponent and practitioner of Karma Yoga, Naama Dhev of Bhakthi Yoga, and Jnaana Dhev of Jnaana yoga.

Karma is like a flower, Bhakthi is the raw fruit and Jnaana is the ripened fruit, one leading to the other.

It is the mind that is ever in agitation that is responsible.

It is a bundle of thoughts and desires.

Mind is responsible for both man's bondage and liberation. So it should be controlled.

The mind can be controlled only by being a master of the senses and not be a servant. It should obey the dictates of the Buddhi or intellect.

The other components of the mind are Buddhi, 'Chitta' and 'Ahamkaar'. The mind is the seat of ever-wavering thoughts. It is called the 'Buddhi' when it discriminates (intellect) the 'chitta' is that mind which stores impressions of experiences of the past and past lives. Ahamkaar is the ego-mind.

The impurities that affect the mind are Mala, Aavarana and Vikshepa.

'Mala is the dirt and dust that soils the mind in the form of the imprints of the offence committed in this life and the previous lives. It is treasured in the Chitta storehouse of memory. As a consequence the mind cannot reflect the Aatmic effulgence.

'Aavarana' is that which conceals reality and makes man identify with the body.

Vikshepa is constant wavering of the mind and the projection of the unreal as the real. It is like one mistaking in the twilight or dawn a rope for a serpent.

Mala can be got rid of by Nishkaama Karma. Hence it is said: 'Chittasya Shuddhaye Karmah.' Aavarana can be got rid of by wisdom, Vikshepa by Bhakti or devotion.

The three gunas or the attributes that are inherent in Nature (Prakriti).

The Tamas, the Raajas and Sattva qualities are responsible for the impurities.

The characteristics of these Gunas are: Taamasik is characterised by intellectual inertia, wavering mind, indecisiveness, non-discriminating and heed-lessness. The Raajasik is characterised by passion, anger, jealousy, greed and restlessness. The Saatwik is full of wisdom, is calm and serene but experiences happiness. Wisdom belongs to Satvaguna, activity to Rajoguna and delusion to Tamoguna.

The food that we eat is the basis for these gunas.

There are three types of food: Tamasik, Raajasik and Saatvik. The Tamasik food is stale, tasteless, putrid. The Rajasik food is bitter, sour, saline, excessively hot, pungent and burning. The Satvik food is savoury, oleaginous and substantial, confers energy, health, strength, joy and cheer.

Food according to Swami is not just what we take by mouth alone. All that we take in through all the sense organs is food.

Hence we should not see evil but see only good.

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